Wobbly teeth are classified by a grading system, where each grade is more serious than the previous. The grading system recognises teeth with a small degree of horizontal movement, teeth with a larger degree of horizontal movement, and teeth that can move vertically.
Generally, the cause of wobbly teeth is more of a concern than the wobbly teeth themselves. One of the main causes of wobbly teeth is periodontal disease, an inflammation resulting in the loss of tooth attachment tissue. In many circumstances, treating the periodontal disease can either stop teeth being wobbly, or reduce the amount they are wobbly by. To combat periodontal disease, patients are recommended to see a hygienist, who is able to remove bacteria and debris from the root surfaces, which allows the surrounding tissue to re-attach. Hygienists can also give good advice on ways to combat periodontal disease at home and will encourage rigorous oral hygiene. People with periodontal disease should brush their teeth at least twice a day, floss or tepe daily to remove the bacteria causing tissue inflammation at the gum margins and use mouthwashes recommended by your hygienist; chlorohexidine mouthwashes are sometimes advised, but always read the label and speak to your hygienist or dentist before beginning a course of such mouthwash.
If treating any existing periodontal disease does not ease the wobbling of teeth, there are a number of other options. If your wobbly teeth are not hurting you and are not stopping you from eating, provided there is no underlying cause that needs treatment, a dentist may recommend leaving them alone.
It is possible to splint teeth: this is the process of attaching one tooth to another, through either a filling material or a type of brace. However, it can put extra strain on a healthy tooth, which might jeopardise its own endodontic and periodontal (root and gum) health. In situations where the wobbly tooth is causing discomfort or difficulty eating and has a poor prognosis, the dentist may recommend replacing it with an implant, denture or bridge.